SEED is a 128-bit symmetric key block cipher developed by the Korean Information Security Agency (KISA). SEED is a national industrial association standard and is widely used in South Korea for secure electronic commerce, financial services systems, and the like, operating within wired and wireless communications networks.
SEED normally requires a smaller memory footprint than other cryptographic algorithms, thereby making it easier to implement in either software or hardware for computing environments with restricted resources, such as mobile devices and smart cards. SEED is robust with respect to differential cryptanalysis, linear cryptanalysis, and related key attacks.
Main features of the SEED algorithm include:
- Feistel network structure with 16 rounds
- 128-bit input/output data block size
- 128-bit key length
- A round function that is strong against known attacks
- Two 8 x 8 S-boxes
- Mixed operations of XOR and modular addition
Please refer to the KISA SEED specification
for details regarding the SEED algorithm and history.
RFC 4269 is the primary RFC regarding SEED, and supersedes RFC 4009.
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