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Residual echo suppression

Real time implementations utilize finite impulse responses (FIR) to cancel out far end echo signals. Though adequate in most cases, there is always a non-zero residual echo, which may be substantial in certain applications. Consider the systems depicted in Figure 1 below:

Single line AEC architecture

Figure 1: Single line AEC architecture

The received signals are of the form:

y[n] = s[n] + \underbrace{\sum\limits_{i=0}^{L-1} h[n]x[n-i]}_{x_{aec}[n]} + \underbrace{\sum\limits_{i=L}^{\infty} h[n]x[n-i]}_{x_{res}[n]} +\nu[n]

A typical normalized energy profile of a room impulse response is shown in Figure 2 showing that just about 50\% of the energy is contained in the first 20 milliseconds (~256 samples) . Thus, using an echo tail of 20m  milliseconds will leave some substantial residual echo.

Sample room impulse response energy profile

Figure 2: Sample room impulse response energy profile


The residual echo can be considered as a stationary interference with spectral domain cancellations being employed to reduce it.

VOCAL Technologies offers custom designed solutions for beamforming with a robust voice activity detector, acoustic echo cancellation and noise suppression. Our custom implementations of such systems are meant to deliver optimum performance for your specific beamforming task. Contact us today to discuss your solution!

VOCAL Technologies, Ltd.
520 Lee Entrance, Suite 202
Amherst New York 14228
Phone: +1-716-688-4675
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